Respiratory syncytial virus is a type of a lung virus that is observed more in babies below the age of 2 years. What are the symptoms, diagnosis and prevention?
Despite its name, Respiratory
syncytial virus is fairly straightforward – it’s a virus that infects the lungs
of an individual, and it’s actually quite common.It can
occur at any age, no matter the race, age or gender, though it’s particularly
prevalent in babies below the age of two. Research suggests that about two
percent of all babies across the globe suffer from an infection of the lungs
due to this virus, amounting to roughly three million cases, with around 66,000
of those ending in death every year.
the cause of respiratory syncytial virus?
Respiratory syncytial virus is a
resilient illness,as it’s easily able to survive in the open environment
outside the body for atleast a few hours. This ability to stay put makes the
virus extremely contagious, especially during the first few days after a person
comes into contact with the germs. The virus usually gets transmitted through
secretions from the mouth, nose and eyes of an infected individual, or through
the inhalation of air droplets when an individual coughs or sneezes.
the signs and symptoms of respiratory syncytial virus?
Someone suffering from
respiratory syncytial virus might present with several different symptoms,
depending on the severity of the virus. The symptoms observed in a baby infected by RSV include:
However, in some severe cases,
the virus might lead to an inflammation of the respiratory tract and lead to
complications such as pneumonia (the inflammation of the air sacs located
within the lungs) and bronchiolitis (the inflammation of the narrow passageways
linked to the lungs). The patient may also start wheezing, have difficulty
breathing, and this may eventually give rise to a bluish discoloration of the
skin due to a lack of supply of oxygen.
respiratory syncytial virus diagnosed?
There’s a number of ways to
diagnose respiratory syncytial virus, including reviewing the family and
medical history of the baby, a careful look at all the sign and symptoms the baby presents
with, and conducting a thorough physical examination.
A few blood tests are performed
to detect the presence of any microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and
fungi in the blood and samples of secretions from the mouth, nose and mouth are
taken to analyse. The doctor may also order an x-ray of the chest to look for
pneumonia, and the level of oxygen in the blood will also be determined through
a procedure known as pulse oximetry.
the treatment of respiratory syncytial virus?
Respiratory syncytial virus, once
infecting a baby, often tends to eventually subside on its own. It usually
takes a baby about two weeks to fully recover from this infection, so no
treatment beyond bed rest is necessary. However, supportive care is recommended
to relieve the symptoms the baby might be suffering from. Antipyretics, including
acetaminophen, can be prescribed.
Treatment is recommended when the
case appears to be severe enough to require hospital care, such as providing
intravenous fluids and humidified oxygen to a patient who has been diagnosed
prevent the occurrence of respiratory syncytial virus?
Even though no vaccine has been
made against respiratory syncytial virus, doctors have developed a lot of
different methods to prevent this virus from spreading within the
population.Some of the well-known ways
which can be used to prevent the transmission of respiratory syncytial virus
include frequent washing of hands, eating a balanced diet and avoiding coming
into contact with an infected person to prevent the spread.
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