Rickets is a condition which affects the skeletal system of the child’s body. Rickets is mostly diagnosed in children under the age of 5 years.
What is Rickets?
is a condition which affects the skeletal system of the child’s body. Rickets is mostly diagnosed in children under the age of 5 years.
What is the cause of rickets?
are two known causes of rickets including:
is the rickets which a child suffers from at the time of birth. The deficiency
of vitamin D in the blood of the mother leads to a lack of the said vitamin in
the baby.Since vitamin D is an
essential component of bone formation and structure, an inadequate amount of it
results in the baby developing bones which are deformed.
Deficiency of Vitamin D in diet
who have an insufficient intake of calcium in their diet tend to eventually
develop symptoms of rickets.
Lack of sunlight
plays a vital role in the formation of vitamin D which in turn is responsible
for strengthening the bones of the child.Children who do not get proper exposure
to sunlight have extremely weak bones.
What are the signs and symptoms of
·Deformed bones (bowing of legs)
·Extremely weak bones which are prone to fractures
·Deformed chest ( pigeon chest)
·Deformed skull (skull bossing or protruding forehead)
·Tetany ( spasm of muscles throughout the body)
·Rachitic rosary ( Bead shaped appearance of ribs)
·Widening of the wrist
How do we
There are a few ways which help us in diagnosing
rickets in a patient including:
If you suspect
that the child might be suffering from rickets, look for the typical signs and
symptoms of this condition in the patient such as bowing of the legs.
In many cases of rickets the patient is someone with a
deficiency of vitamin D so you should test the level of vitamin D and calcium
in the blood of the child.
Ask questions and gather information regarding the
lifestyle of a patient. People who mostly stay indoors tend to be the ones to
show up with symptoms of rickets due to lack of exposure to sunlight.
How do we
manage rickets in a patient?
Methods used to treat rickets are as follows:
Diet: Increased intake of calcium in the diet.
Supplements: Increased intake of vitamin D in the form of
Sunlight: Recommend outdoor activity for the patient in order to
increase exposure to sunlight.
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