Harmful effects of alcohol and recreational drugs usage during pregnancy on both the pregnancy mother and the foetus.
The use of recreational drugs is more common in teenage pregnant women
compared to older age pregnancies. Alcohol and all the recreational drugs are
considered unsafe in pregnancy and can be dangerous for both the mother and the
foetus. A few common recreational drugs include heroine, morphine, cocaine,
On the other hand, alcohol consumption since alcohol enjoyed worldwide
by both genders, some women assume the consumption of alcohol as safe during
pregnancy. This is not true. Pregnant women using any recreational drugs or
consuming excessive alcohol during pregnancy, causes harmful effects on the
development of foetus. The negative effects of alcohol and recreational drugs
during pregnancy are mentioned below:
Alcohol: Harmful effects of alcohol during pregnancy
Excessive intake of alcohol during pregnancy has its negative effect on the
foetus. Alcohol may be consumed in a limited amount so that it does not
negatively affect the development of foetus. It is highly advised to consult
with your doctor to find out the maximum limit of alcohol you may be allowed to
consume during pregnancy.
A pregnant woman must limit her consumption of alcohol to prevent brain
damage. An excess usage of alcohol may cause the following:
·Foetal growth restriction,
·Fetal alcohol syndrome etc.
Usually, pregnant women who consume 20 grams or less of alcohol per day
are considered to be safe and not causing any harm herself or to the foetus.
What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
Fetal Alcohol syndrome is a condition in the newborn caused by excessive
consumption of alcohol during pregnancy by the pregnant mother. The condition
is characterized by low set ears, flat nose, small size head, and cardiac
anomalies, in the newborn.
A baby born to a mother who consumes excess of alcohol may suffer from neurological
deficits. This means that there are chances that the newborn may not be a 100
percent mentally fit. The chances of having fetal alcohol syndrome also depend
on other factors such as smoking, drug abuse and insufficient diet during pregnancy. Few
of these factors together with alcohol consumption may result in foetal alcohol
How much alcohol is considered safe during pregnancy?
Alcohol consumption of more than 12 cups a day or 100-120 grams
per day during pregnancy is harmful for the foetus. It is safe to
reduce your intake of alcohol as you plan to conceive or if it happens as an
unplanned pregnancy you may consult with your doctor who may help you how to
slowly cut down alcohol intake especially during pregnancy.
Heroine: Harmful Effects of Heroine during Pregnancy
Heroine has no safe amount of consumption. It is best to be avoided or
if mother suffers withdrawal symptoms she must be treated with methadone taken
only under doctor’s guidance.
Methadone helps prevent craving. Heroine may cause adverse effects on
the foetus such as intrauterine growth restriction, hepatitis B and C,
Premature labour and social deprivation. Proper management of the delivery is
advised. A baby born to a heroine addict mother may show with heroine
drawl signs such as:
The above mentioned are all withdrawal symptoms that the
mother/mother-to-be might face when trying to quit heroine.
Cocaine: Harmful Effects of Cocaine during Pregnancy
The usage of cocaine during pregnancy has similar symptoms to symtoms
caused by the usage of other recreational drugs during pregnancy. However, some
possible negative effects of cocaine usage during pregnancy
A neonate also shows signs of delayed brain and skeletal development is
the pregnant mother consumed excessive drugs during her pregnancy. It is highly
recommended that the expecting woman completely stop the intake of any of these
drugs which can permanently harm the foetus. It is also highly recommended that
women, who consume cocaine and other drugs before or during their pregnancy,
get their complete check up during pregnancy.
Amphetamines: Harmful effects of amphetamines during pregnancy
The usage of amphetamines during pregnancy has found to
have the following negative effects:
It is therefore highly recommended that the expecting mother should
completely stop consuming any sorts of recreational drugs during pregnancy.
Since the usage of these drugs can have severe consequences and can lead to
irreparable damage to the newborn, it is highly advised to see a doctor and get
help in regards with rehabilitation.
Welcome to Babyinfo – the ultimate pregnancy and newborn information guide. We are here to help you find all the pregnancy and baby info you need to make the most beautiful experience of your life even better.
Our team is comprised of an amazing mix of experienced mothers, recently pregnant women, and editors with tremendous medical knowledge in the fields of gynaecology and childbirth.
Think of us as your friendly advisors, here to give you honest, easy to understand and authentic information. We are here to be your support at this crucial time in your life, when you need it the most.
Note: This website is in no way meant to replace doctors, hospitals, or other healthcare providers that may be utilized by current mothers or mothers-to-be. All mothers are advised to see a doctor for medical advice and the appropriate care before, during, and after pregnancy.