Excess weight gain during pregnancy can have it's own complications such as hypertension and diabetes. It is good for the pregnant mum to know what normal weight gain values are!
It is true that every woman goes through some changes during her
pregnancy. One of those changes is that she tends to put on a lot of 'access' weight which can be a worry is some cases. It is ideal to know what is normal weight gain during pregnancy and what is considered excess; it is also informative for the pregnant mother to know the causes of excess weight gain during pregnancy and how to prevent it!
Factors influencing Weight Gain of a Pregnant Woman
There are quite a few things which influence a woman’s weight during her
pregnancy. A few of these things are mentioned below:
Weight of the Mother before Pregnancy
The common understanding among doctors is that a woman who is overweight
in general, would only have to gain a bit more weight when she becomes
On the other hand, a generally underweight woman would need to put on a
lot of weight after becoming pregnant.
Whether Single or Multiple Pregnancy
If a woman is carrying two babies in her womb (twin pregnancy), she would gain twice the weight, gained by a woman, who has just a
single baby in her womb.
Health of the Pregnant Woman
A woman who is ill would not be able to gain weight. For example, if a
woman suffers from severe episodes of nausea and vomiting too often, she would
go through a rapid loss of weight.
Causes of the Weight Gain during Pregnancy
When a woman becomes pregnant, her body starts releasing hormones such
as estrogen and progesterone in great quantity.
These hormones cause a lot of changes in her body, including the proper
growth and development of the baby, as well as the increase in size of the
breasts and genitals.
These hormones also lead to retention of a lot of fluid in the pregnant
woman’s body. These changes combine to add some weight onto that woman.
Management of Weight Gain during Pregnancy
The ways in which a woman can maintain just the right amount of weight
during her pregnancy, are mentioned below:
A woman should make sure that she eats a lot of food which is rich in
protein, such as chicken, fish and eggs. She should have food which contains
fat (butter, cheese) and carbohydrates (bread, chocolate) in it, but only in
Being more active
Regularly exercising during pregnancy is considered healthy, both for
the expecting mother and her baby. These exercises include yoga,
swimming, walking, aerobic etc. By regularly exercising, the pregnant woman is
able to regulate the weight gain through out her pregnancy. Read more about
during pregnancy here.
Normal Weight Gain
for a Pregnant Woman
After years and years of research, scientists have come up with a
standard rule for figuring out the ideal weight for a woman who is pregnant.
This method, mentioned below, is based on the weight of a woman, before she was
BMI Before Pregnancy
Recommended Weigh Gain
Weight Gain 18.5 to 25
(2st 9lb - 3st 12lb)
25 to 30
(2st 3lb-3st 81lb)
11-19 kg (1st
Source: Data from Institute of Medicine (2009) Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the guidelines National Academies Press: Washington DC
Complications of Excessive Weight Gain in Pregnancy
A woman who does not take care, of how much weight she puts on, suffers
from several health issues such as hypertension, diabetes etc.
Welcome to Babyinfo – the ultimate pregnancy and newborn information guide. We are here to help you find all the pregnancy and baby info you need to make the most beautiful experience of your life even better.
Our team is comprised of an amazing mix of experienced mothers, recently pregnant women, and editors with tremendous medical knowledge in the fields of gynaecology and childbirth.
Think of us as your friendly advisors, here to give you honest, easy to understand and authentic information. We are here to be your support at this crucial time in your life, when you need it the most.
Note: This website is in no way meant to replace doctors, hospitals, or other healthcare providers that may be utilized by current mothers or mothers-to-be. All mothers are advised to see a doctor for medical advice and the appropriate care before, during, and after pregnancy.