Learn all about high risk pregnancy from the the different causes to complications and treatment. Complications of high risk pregnancy can sometimes be severe!
What is a high-risk
high-be risk pregnancy is a phrase which to a lot of women might sound a bit
“scary” but it just means that the chances of the pregnancy developing some
kind of complication are higher than usual thereby leading to the rise of some health
issues in the baby. Research has shown that about six to eight percent of all
pregnant women worldwide are considered high-risk.
Why is it called high-risk
term “high-risk” in pregnancy is used to let doctors know that the concerned
pregnant women and her baby need constant attention, monitoring and proper care
in order to make sure that the woman’s status returns back to “normal” by detecting any potential health issues during the pregnancy as early as possible thereby
preventing her condition from getting worse.
What is the cause of a high-risk
are a number of different factors which might cause a normal pregnancy to turn into
one that is high-risk. Some of such risk factors are mentioned as follows:
Diabetes in the mother: Diabetes is a
complex condition which affects all parts of the body. It occurs in any person
regardless of age, race and gender as a result of the body of the mother either
having no insulin at all or making far less amount of insulin than what is
required by the body of the individual.
High Blood Pressure: Blood pressure is
the term used to describe the amount of pressure which an individual’s blood
exerts on the arteries as they carry the blood being pumped by the heart, all
around the body. The blood pressure reading of 120/80 is considered as “ideal.”
An individual is thought to have a high blood pressure when the reading rises
to atleast 140/90 or above.
Smoking: Pregnant women
who smoke tend to develop complications far more often than those who are not
smokers. There is a substance in cigarettes called nicotine, which causes a
couple of changes to the affected individual’s body. Firstly, the individual
becomes addicted to smoking due to nicotine being highly addictive. Secondly, this
substance leads to the narrowing of blood vessels thereby increasing the blood
pressure of the pregnant woman. High blood pressure is a well known factor for
the occurrence of a high risk pregnancy.
Kidney Disease: The kidneys are
responsible for the removal of waste products which are present in the blood of
an individual. If due to some reason, the kidneys stop performing their normal
function in a proper manner, it would lead to the buildup of fluid within the
body of the individual thereby causing the blood pressure to rise and the
subsequent development of a high-risk pregnancy takes place.
Epilepsy: Epilepsy is a
condition which gives rise to multiple episodes of seizures. Seizures occur
when the nerve cells which transmit messages from the brain to the body and
vice versa become confused and begin misfiring. This condition often leads to
the individual falling unconscious or suffering from blackouts thereby making
epilepsy yet another factor behind a high-risk pregnancy.
What are the complications
of a high-risk pregnancy?
has already been established that a high-risk pregnancy is an undesirable state
for a pregnant woman to find herself in. The reason behind such a state of mind on the
part of the pregnant woman is the complications which might make an appearance
in the affected individual. A few of these complications include the following:
Preterm Labour: Preterm Labour,
also known as premature labour, is a condition in which the body of a pregnant
woman starts preparing itself to deliver the baby by starting the contractions
of the uterus and the subsequent dilation of the cervix, before a period of 37
weeks, which is considered a standard for a normal on term delivery.
a condition which affects pregnant woman during the later stages of her
pregnancy, usually after the 20th week. The pregnant woman might
present with a number of issues such as high blood pressure, presence of
protein in urine, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and severe headache. A more
severe condition associated with a pregnant woman is called eclampsia. In addition
to the signs of symptoms of preeclampsia, sufferers of eclampsia also go
through seizures every now and then.
Issues of the placenta: The placenta is
a large organ which is present inside the uterus and is connected to the fetus
through the umbilical cord. It is responsible for providing the fetus with
proper nutrients and oxygen from the blood of the mother and at the same time removes
any unwanted or waste products from the fetus’s blood. Research suggests that a
woman with a high-risk pregnancy often develops issues with the placenta
thereby causing the placenta to malfunction and become ineffective. This means
that the baby would not receive the nutrition is usually gets from its mother
in adequate amounts.
What is the diagnosis and
treatment of a woman with high-risk pregnancy?
diagnosis and treatment of a woman with a suspected case of high-risk pregnancy
depends of her medical history, family history as well as the signs and
symptoms she might complain about to her doctor. The pregnant woman is advised
to visit the doctors as regularly as possible, certainly more frequently than a
woman with a normal or uncomplicated pregnancy.
every single stage or phase of the pregnancy, the mother is required (and advised
by the doctor) to get a few tests done on herself and her baby such as
ultrasound, blood sugar, blood pressure measurement, urine test in order to
detect the present of any disease causing organism in it. Genetic tests might
also be carried out in order to look for any mutation or abnormality in the DNA
or genetic makeup of the mother and the baby. This holds true for mothers who
become pregnant at and above the age of 35 or those with a history of genetic
issues in their families.
these tests and procedures are extremely important to keep a check on the
overall health, growth and development of both the mother and her baby.
Welcome to Babyinfo – the ultimate pregnancy and newborn information guide. We are here to help you find all the pregnancy and baby info you need to make the most beautiful experience of your life even better.
Our team is comprised of an amazing mix of experienced mothers, recently pregnant women, and editors with tremendous medical knowledge in the fields of gynaecology and childbirth.
Think of us as your friendly advisors, here to give you honest, easy to understand and authentic information. We are here to be your support at this crucial time in your life, when you need it the most.
Note: This website is in no way meant to replace doctors, hospitals, or other healthcare providers that may be utilized by current mothers or mothers-to-be. All mothers are advised to see a doctor for medical advice and the appropriate care before, during, and after pregnancy.