For women who already have a diagnosis of diabetes prior to falling pregnant, they can find that some of their symptoms as a result of their condition can worsen. However, with proper management and medical support this is not normally too bad.
2-4% women will develop diabetes during pregnancy - you may hear this referred
to as ‘gestational diabetes’, It’s a result of the hormonal changes in the
body, and your body responding to how it needs to behave differently now you’re
growing a baby.
women who already have a diagnosis of diabetes prior to falling pregnant, they
can find that some of their symptoms as a result of their condition can worsen.
However, with proper management and medical support this is not normally too
pancreas is an organ in the body that regulates the amount of sugar in our
blood with the release of an enzyme called ‘insulin’.
occurs when the pancreas is not able to perform its function properly. This
leads to an increase in the level of sugar in the blood. This in turn can then
lead to a number of health issues, especially if the condition is not managed
on the type of diabetes you are diagnosed with, you may have to take regular
medication which can be in the form of tablets, or a daily insulin injection.
Many diabetics also have to monitor their blood sugar levels carefully to make
sure they are within a ‘normal’ range’ and manage their diet to ensure they are
not consuming too much sugar.
is a pregnant woman more prone to diabetes?
Every woman is
different and some women find they experience gestational diabetes, without
there being any real indication why. There are also a number of different risk
factors that may lead to diabetes in women during pregnancy which include:
#1 Being overweight
studies have revealed that women who are overweight, either before or after
pregnancy, tend to be susceptible to diabetes.
#2 Age over 30 years
is not written in stone, but women aged 30 and above, are at a higher risk of
suffering from diabetes than those who are younger than 30.
#3 Family history of Diabetes
with many medical conditions, diabetes is also one which tends to run in
families. A pregnant woman is more likely to develop diabetes if diabetes
already runs in her family. Therefore, it is always advisable to let your
doctor know about any medical conditions that run in your family.
#4 Previous Pregnancy Induced Diabetes
woman has gone through diabetes in any of her previous pregnancies, there is a
possibility that she would have to face the same problem yet again, in any or
all of her present or future pregnancies
#5 Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
is a condition which is quite common in women. In this condition cyst like
formations take place in the ovaries of women. Although its cause is not known,
one of the known symptoms of PCOS is diabetes.
#6 Previous Traumatic Delivery
has shown that many of the women, who go through diabetes while they are
pregnant, tend to be the ones who have had a trauma during a previous delivery.
Signs & Symptoms of
Diabetes in Pregnant Women
may not notice any real indication of gestational diabetes to begin with, and
it could be easy to dismiss the symptoms as simply a part of being pregnant.
important to discuss any symptoms or problems you experience with your midwife
so they can assess whether this is a natural part of being pregnant or an indication
of something else. Some of the symptoms to look out for and speak with your
midwife about include:
important that we keep track of our blood sugar level on a regular basis, just
for your health’s sake. During pregnancy you will go through a number of
routine tests and check ups at different intervals that will help you to keep
an eye on these things.
names of different kinds of tests to check sugar level and their Normal Ranges
are mentioned in the table below:
Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS)
OGTT* = Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
to do it you are pregnant and Diabetic?
As mentioned above, the most important
thing if you do already have diabetes, or are diagnosed with gestational
diabetes, is to make sure you look after yourself and carry out proper
management techniques to keep yourself healthy.
This might include medication or it might
not. Your doctor and midwife will help work out what the best course of
treatment and management is for you. Some of the ways to help keep a check on
Eating a healthy balanced
diet is especially important if you are diabetic and pregnant. Make sure your
diet consists of a good amount of protein, contains less amounts of fat. Also,
carbohydrate content in your diet should also be limited. Read more on what to eat during pregnancy.
#2 Eating Regular Light Meals
Eating smaller meals, more
regular can really help to keep different levels in your body healthy and
regular - including your metabolism and your blood sugar levels.
#3 Checking Your Sugar Level
As mentioned above, if you
are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, it’s likely your doctor will ask you
to keep a regular check on your blood sugar levels to monitor the condition and
be mindful of what/what not to eat.
#4 Insulin therapy
If you are diagnosed with
insulin deficient diabetes, regular intake of insulin is a must under your
of Diabetes in Pregnant Women
The most important
thing to remember if you do have diabetes, or are diagnosed with gestational
diabetes is to make sure you seek medical support and properly manage your
that can occur if you do not manage your diabetes include:
can occur for you and your baby as a result of diabetes, this is usually down
the condition not being managed correctly. By making sure you listen to your
doctor's advice and guidance, and follow what they tell you, you give you and
your baby the best possible chance of staying healthy and not having to deal
with any complications.
always, if you are worried or think you might be experiencing signs or symptoms
of diabetes, or you are concerned about how to manage your existing diabetes
always make sure you seek professional medical advice.
Welcome to Babyinfo – the ultimate pregnancy and newborn information guide. We are here to help you find all the pregnancy and baby info you need to make the most beautiful experience of your life even better.
Our team is comprised of an amazing mix of experienced mothers, recently pregnant women, and editors with tremendous medical knowledge in the fields of gynaecology and childbirth.
Think of us as your friendly advisors, here to give you honest, easy to understand and authentic information. We are here to be your support at this crucial time in your life, when you need it the most.
Note: This website is in no way meant to replace doctors, hospitals, or other healthcare providers that may be utilized by current mothers or mothers-to-be. All mothers are advised to see a doctor for medical advice and the appropriate care before, during, and after pregnancy.