In the second trimester of pregnancy, the mother’s baby bump becomes very prominent compared to the first trimester of pregnancy.
the roller coaster ride that is the first trimester, the middle three months of
pregnancy are a comparative breeze.
In the second trimester of pregnancy, the
mother’s baby bump becomes very prominent compared to the first trimester, and you
are more likely to feel comfortable with your pregnancy and proud to show it
trimester is normally safe and enjoyable as you get rid of all the first trimester symptoms and now you actually welcome your pregnancy.
The real feelings of being a mother can often develop in the second trimester
and a solid attachment can form with your foetus (but don’t be worried if it
This trimester is when everybody around you gets to know you are
pregnant by looking at your gorgeous bump.
may find that strangers start to make random comments and may even touch your
stomach. This is a common problem with humans and you might just need to ignore
it as best you can.
happens in the Second Trimester of Pregnancy?
trimester begins on the 13thweek of
pregnancy and ends on the 28th week of
and Symptoms in the Second Trimester
The second trimester of pregnancy is the
period of pregnancy when both the mother and the baby experience lots of
frequent changes and most of the growing and developing occurs.
In the second trimester of pregnancy, the
mother’s baby bump becomes very prominent compared to the first trimester of
You will most likely have much more energy than in the early stage
of your pregnancy and should probably use this time to shop and plan for your
coming child. You will look and feel better during these months, with a healthy
glow to your face, skin and hair because of all the super baby-making hormones
you are generating.
A few other noticeable signs and symptoms
are also observed in the pregnant mother in the second trimester. These signs
and symptoms include:
Heartburn and indigestion
Frequent need to urinate
Bleeding gums because your body is creating and pumping extra blood at
Back pain due to the increased weight you are putting on
Increased appetite and food cravings
Tiredness and fatigue
Susceptibility to minor coughs and colds due to a reduced immune system
Infrequent baby kicking and other movements
Warm uterine contractions lasting for 1-2 minutes
might feel a little bit superhuman during this time, and feel like you can do
anything. This is a time when pregnant women’s bodies have been known to play
tricks on them, making them stretch to limits greater than they should. Be
careful not to over exert yourself, hurt yourself or push your body beyond what
it would normally do, even if you feel capable of anything. Many injuries
happen during this time.
may also start to feel an effect called baby brain, which has not been
scientifically proven, but which pregnant women generally know is true. It is
most likely because you have a million extra things to think about, your brain
starts to push some other things out of the way.
Weight gainfrom this
period on will start to steadily increase and then remain constant throughout third
trimester of pregnancy.
Women should ideally gain about2 kg
a month during the second trimester, or no more than 6 kg all up. A weight gain of significantly
more than 6 kg may indicate an underlying medical concern, or it may be a simple
case of trying to eat for two (when this really isn’t recommended).
It is most likely that your
weight is measured and documented on each medical visit, and so your
obstetrician will be able to manage your weight and health with extra guidance
if your need it.
Stick the same healthy diet that you
should have started in the first trimester. Eat the nutrients for two people,
not the quantity of food.
Full fat dairy
Fresh and colourful fruit and vegetables
High sources of iron such as leafy greens, meat, legumes and
Lots of water
No alcohol and as little caffeine as you can survive on
is happening to your baby?
Because your baby is fully-formed by the end of the first trimester, the danger of miscarriage
greatly drops from then on.
In terms of development, your baby is
extra busy during this time. Things like the nervous system and
genitalia become more formed during the second trimester, and things like
eyelids and eyelashes become more defined.
Your baby starts to move around more and because he is growing, you
will start to feel these movements. It will be hard to tell at first if this is
the baby or just gas.
The heartbeat will be strong enough to hear now from outside the body.
Your baby is growing hair and is covered with a cheese-like substance called vernix.
By the end of this trimester,your baby will weigh around 1kg and be around 30cm long.
You can see veins
through his skin, and fingerprints are now formed. Your baby may start to open
his eyes. He will do things like sucking his thumb, stretching, kicking and may
this trimester is free of complications and symptoms but in some rare cases,
women may present with complications like preterm birth, spontaneous abortion,bleedingand more. If you have any symptoms or feel
anything of concern, do not hesitate to contact your obstetrician.
Babies born after the 23rd week
have some chances of survival with great medical care, but ideally your baby
should be staying tucked away in your womb throughout the middle three months.
Tests during Second Trimester of Pregnancy
the 20th week of pregnancy, your doctor will usually undertake anultrasound to check the baby
is growing and developing as he should be. You can usually find out the gender
of your baby at this time if you want to.
#1 Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS), Amniocentesis
and Quad screen
These tests may help women to exclude some genetic
abnormalities such as Downs syndrome and infant neural tube defects.
Not everybody has to do these tests, they
are optional at this point. It may be that only women with previous abnormal
birth or genetic abnormalities in their family history may want to go through
It is important to note that some tests carry a small risk of
rupture of membrane, and possible preterm birth, so you should discuss the benefits and risks of
these tests with your doctor before going ahead.
#2 One Hour
Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) and HBA1C
This test is performed during the 28th week
HbA1c: detects gestational diabetes and allows your doctor to take steps to gain quick control over
abnormal sugar levels that may be harmful for both mother and the baby.
1. What should you wear?
As a pregnant woman, you can wear whatever
you like. Some mothers won’t show a lot for some time and can get away with
their regular clothes, or just by letting out some buttons or seams.
For most women, however, this middle
trimester is when they really start to show in the belly region, and can gain
some size in other areas as well. For your own style and comfort, and because
for most women this is fun during their first pregnancy, it may be time to
start browsing for maternity wear.
You may also find that your feet swell,
and you need to wear more stretchy shoes or go up a size in your regular ones.
It may be a lot more comfortable for you to wear flat shoes from now on; this
can be better for your back and hips, and safer as your centre of gravity
starts to shift.
2. What should you be doing this trimester?
Continue your multi-vitamins and
your healthy diet plan as now your baby is growing at a fast pace. It
is important that you keep your own body strong too, in order to carry your baby
for a least a few more months from now.
Start planning and shopping for your baby,
narrow down your colour choices if you like as now you may know the gender of
Try not to buy absolutely everything you want to because your
judgement could be led by hormones and emotions more than practical budgeting.
Almost everything bought for a baby could be done without in hindsight, so make
bigger purchases carefully.
after yourself and make sure that your partner looks after you too. Ask for
backrubs or treat yourself to a pregnancy massage.
Continue to do some gentle
exercise and do everything you can to keep fit and healthy at this time. Keep
up your regular doctor’s appointments, and make sure you see a dentist as well,
to look after every aspect of your body.
sexual intercourse safest at this time?
Sex is safe in the second trimester of pregnancy. Your body and uterus are
strong enough to protect the foetus inside you. You may also find that during
the second trimester you have an increased sexual drive, and you might it more
enjoyable during this time.
getting through the second trimester, and we will see you again for the third!
Welcome to Babyinfo – the ultimate pregnancy and newborn information guide. We are here to help you find all the pregnancy and baby info you need to make the most beautiful experience of your life even better.
Our team is comprised of an amazing mix of experienced mothers, recently pregnant women, and editors with tremendous medical knowledge in the fields of gynaecology and childbirth.
Think of us as your friendly advisors, here to give you honest, easy to understand and authentic information. We are here to be your support at this crucial time in your life, when you need it the most.
Note: This website is in no way meant to replace doctors, hospitals, or other healthcare providers that may be utilized by current mothers or mothers-to-be. All mothers are advised to see a doctor for medical advice and the appropriate care before, during, and after pregnancy.