The brain is divided into six key areas, each of which is responsible for a different part of development during the early stages.
the first three years of their life, your baby’s brain develops at an
astronomical rate! They are taking in so much information and making sense,
learning from and reacting to that information everyday! It’s fascinating to
see as your baby develops not only physically, but also emotionally and
brain is divided into six key areas, each of which is responsible for a
different part of development during the early stages. This article looks at
each of the sections and explains and what development areas they’re
frontal lobe is responsible for a variety of development areas for your baby’s
development including walking and talking, and is divided into the right side
and the left:
Left Side - this side of the brain is most active when your baby is babbling and
communicating with you
Right Side - this side is most active when your baby is listening - to your
voice, or a favourite song. It’s also active when they are observing new
situations and seeing how that fits with what they already know.
part of the brain really starts to develop from around six months old, which is
typically when your baby starts to become more vocal and physical! It continues
to develop as your baby grows, and won’t come into full development until early
adulthood - even beyond - as your child continues to learn.
parietal lobe is associated with more visual and sensory related development
including touch, taste, smell and hand to eye coordination.
part of the brain comes into real development when you start introducing foods
to your baby other than breast milk and formula - the new tastes and smells
really stimulate this part of the brain.
cerebellum has more responsibility for your baby’s physical development
including movement, coordination, muscle coordination and balancing.
part of the brain is most active developmentally between three and 12 months
when your baby is mastering rolling, to crawling, to walking and will continue
to develop into your baby’s early teens.
from physical development, the cerebellum also plays a role in sensory
identification - helping your baby to identify their surroundings when they
touch and move around.
temporal lobe takes care of other sensory development including your baby’s
hearing. Because it has a big role in hearing, it is also responsible for
developing your baby’s understanding of language.
of your baby’s physical hearing development happens while they are still in the
womb, so the temporal lobe’s responsibility is to help them start to understand
and respond appropriately to the different sounds and noises they hear once
they are born. Because of this, it also linked with emotional development and
understanding social cues.
occipital lobe is responsible for the development of your baby’s vision and
their ability to recognise and comprehend what they see.
part of the brain starts developing immediately from birth. At first your baby
will be near sighted and only able to identify strong contrasting pictures or
images, as well as light and dark. By the time they are eight months old, their
vision should be fully developed and they’ll identify more items too -
including faces and favourite toys.
brainstem is one of the most vital parts of your baby’ brain - in controls all
of their involuntary functions including breathing, heart rate, and other
internal functioning. It is the most developed part of your baby’s brain at
part of the brain is responsible for reflexive actions including crying and
suckling for breast milk. It is also responsible for emotional reactions and
how your baby responds to emotional stimulation.
How can I support my baby’s
overall brain development?
many areas of your baby’s brain development it’s about providing them with
different opportunities to learn and experience new things. A good variety of
different stimulation for their different senses is a great way to help support
their development across all areas of their brain. This includes:
Touch - giving your baby different textures and materials to play with
Sound - speaking to them in different tones/voices, playing different music
and sounds for them to engage with
Smell - trying different scents and taking your baby outdoors to smell
different smells (even bad!) helps this development
Taste- as your baby starts to wean, experiment with different tastes and
textures with food
Sight- provide your baby with a good variety of different visual
stimulation that matches the pace of their eyesight development
sensory development includes balance, temperature and emotional cues and these can
all be developed by providing your baby with different environments and people
to engage with - try swimming classes and soft play baby groups.
all of your baby’s development, it’s important to know all babies develop
differently and some may take longer than others. Babies learn a lot by
observing and mimicking their parents so it’s important to always provide them
with a safe, nurturing and encouraging environment and understanding
reassurance from you.
you have any concerns or worries over any part of your baby’s development,
always speak with your doctor or midwife who can provide you with further
support and advice.
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