Fortunately, there is still hope for those struggling with infertility through fertility treatment. In order to receive appropriate treatment, the first step is to find out what the cause of the infertility is as there are many different things that may cause infertility in a woman.
Many women dream of the day that they have a baby of
Unfortunately, it isn't something that all women are able to easily
achieve. In fact, 1 out of every 6 couples in Australia struggles with
Approximately 40% of the time, the infertility is caused by
the female partner. It is also about 40% of the time due to the male partner
with the remaining 20% being attributed to factors of both partners. Not being
able to conceive a baby can be an extremely difficult and emotional
thing for a woman to deal with.
Fortunately, there is still hope for those
struggling with infertility through fertility treatment. In order to receive
appropriate treatment, the first step is to find out what the cause of the
infertility is as there are many different things that may cause
infertility in a woman.
1. Irregular Ovulation
A common cause of infertility in women is some kind
of problem with ovulation.
Ovulation is the process of an egg maturing and being
released from the ovary where it then travels through the fallopian tube which
is where it would meet the sperm and become fertilised before making its way to
Usually, a woman ovulates approximately every 4 weeks, but in some
cases, a woman has an irregular menstrual cycle and irregular ovulation. Some
women may just not ovulate at all.There are different things that may cause
these problems for a woman.
ends up producing an environment that prevents the ovaries from releasing
mature eggs which leads to cysts in the ovaries during ovulation. It is
often painful and vastly reduces the chance of becoming pregnant.
3. Pituitary Gland Problems
The pituitary gland is a part of the brain that
controls hormone production which is an extremely
important part of reproduction and ovulation.
When something is out of sorts
with the pituitary gland such as pituitary tumours, hormone production can get
messed up and ovulation can become irregular or cease altogether. This can
greatly reduce the chance of or prevent pregnancy.
4. Premature Ovarian
When a woman begins to experience menopause before
the age of 40, it is referred to as Premature Ovarian Insufficiency.
9 out of 10 cases of Premature Ovarian Insufficiency, the cause is unknown.
In the other 10%, the cause is secondary to other medical issues such as Turner
syndrome, galactosaemia, or as a result of radiation needed for other
As a woman begins going through menopause, she stops ovulating
and therefore cannot become pregnant.
5. General Health Issues
When the body is not cared for properly, it is unable
to work efficiently. Often times, a woman may not ovulate regularly or may
cease to ovulate at all when there is something wrong with her general health.
Things like smoking, using drugs, or regularly doing intense exercises that
stress the body can all be factors in infertility problems. Being overweight
or underweight can also put stress on your body that causes ovulation to
cease or become irregular.
Additionally, certain medical conditions as
well as the medications and treatment for them can cause fertility issues for
woman, too. This would include things like chemotherapy, diabetes, autoimmune
disorders, and thyroid disease.
Another problem that can lead to infertility is
blockage of the fallopian tubes or other organs. When a blockage occurs that prevents
the egg and sperm from meeting, the egg can't become fertilised and get to
There are different things that may cause a blockage that prevents
7. Surgery Scarring
One possible cause of blockage that could lead to
infertility is scarring from a previous surgery.
If a woman has had to have
abdominal or pelvic surgery in the past, there is a possibility that it
resulted in scarring severe enough to cause a blockage and prevent the egg
and sperm from meeting and/or prevent the fertilized egg from making its
way to the uterus to implant.
8. Pelvic Inflammatory
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, or PID, affects around 1
out of every 8 women at some point in their life.
It occurs when organs
in the pelvis become inflamed due to a bacterial infection. Common causes
of it are gonorrhea and chlamydia.
The swelling of organs in the uterus as well
as the scarring that PID leaves behind can create blockages and prevent the egg
and/or sperm from traveling throughout the reproductive system as necessary. Read more here...
When a woman suffers from endometriosis, tissue
from the inside of the uterus migrates to other areas such as outside of
the uterus at the fallopian tubes and ovaries and then grows there. This can
lead to bad scarring and inflammation that creates blockages and prevents
Chemicals released in relation to the inflammation may also play a
role in preventing fertilisation and implantation as well. Read more here...
This is a well-known cause of infertility in women.
a woman ages, she will eventually go through the process of menopause and will
no longer be able to become pregnant. However, even before menopause begins, an
ageing woman will likely experience more difficulty in becoming pregnant. This
is because women are born with their entire supply of eggs.
As the years pass, the
eggs age and lose viability. This can make it more difficult to become
pregnant. Read more on the challenges of pregnancy at age 35 or more here.
11. Problems with the Uterus
One more issue that can occur that may affect
fertility is a problem with the woman's uterus.
This can be various things such
as having a misshapen uterus, impairment of the development of the uterine
lining during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, or scarring from
previous surgeries. Fibroids are also a possible issue within the uterus
that can make it difficult to become pregnant.
These are benign tumours in the
uterus that can cause problems such as preventing the sperm from reaching the
egg or preventing an embryo from implanting. Polyps, which are
overgrowths of the uterine lining may also prevent pregnancy in the same way as
Don't Lose Hope
It can be very scary and unbearably disappointing
to struggle with something as important and personal as conceiving a baby. The
important thing is to not lose hope.
There is a very good chance that you
can increase your chance of conceiving through fertility treatment. Seek
out the help that you need so that you and your partner can be evaluated and
receive appropriate testing to discover the exact cause of your infertility.
the cause is discovered, you can begin a treatment plan and work towards
your dream of having a baby.
Common Female Infertility Tests
The different types of female infertility tests. If you’re young, healthy and have no real family history of infertility but have struggled to get pregnant for a while, it may be time to see a fertility specialist. Read more...
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